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Monthly Archives: February 2016

Benefits of digital television and TV tuners over analogue


It is a well known fact that digital television has many advantages, including support of widescreen image, quality sound, compatible with standard Dolby Digital 5.1, and support for picture with higher resolution and detail, much higher than that of standard TV or DVD movies. The other big advantage is called multi channeling and it is the possibility of choosing specific video content in different channels or services of the type “video on demand”. Another important argument in favor of digital television is the fact that the signal is not susceptible to interference. Since the broadcasts are in digital format MPEG-2 (same as DVD content, although with a slightly different quality), the picture is always clear and clean. Moreover, the digital signal is distributed in the same frequency spectrum as analog FM, so it does not require any upgrade of the antennas. In other words, for the transition to digital TV content it is enough simply to install the appropriate receiver – either in the form of so-called box device, or as an expansion card for an ordinary PC.

For the home user both options are relatively affordable and available: some operators offer digital receivers for which the payment is a small addition to the monthly service fee for a specified period and tuner cards for PC are generally slightly cheaper than box devices and can be found practically everywhere, where computer components are offered. The advantage of PC tuners is however that they can easily exploit the capabilities of home computer not only to view but also to edit and record video content – something for what you will also need an appropriate DVD-recorder (which also costs money). Many people come to the decision to purchase a digital TV tuner for the simple reason that it offers a much larger range of functions compared with a cheap TV set. A further opportunity for some models is to adopt radio which makes them more attractive proposal. Digital TV tuners for PCs are known to computer enthusiasts for years, but with the relatively recent emergence of MPEG-2 tuners and operating system Windows XP Media Centre Edition 2005, they seem to have started gaining value and a mass audience. Digital TV tuners are actually relatively simple hardware that includes three main components: a simple coaxial connector for an antenna tuner receiver for a wide frequency range and decoder.

TV signal is taken by the antenna passes through the tuner and then through the decoder. Finally, the card sends the received information to the MPEG-2 decoder. Usually even the most simple and cheap tuners for PC come with some software tools for recording and watching TV, so there is no need to make any further investments. Internal tuner cards require the PC to have a free PCI or PCI Express slot screwdriver and a little skill to install them, which is challenging even for experienced users. External digital TV tuners are the perfect choice for people that like to have a lot of functions for the best price.

The word for digital TV tuner offers in Danish is Digital tv tuner tilbud . If you would like to get the best offer, visit this Danish website. To read more about digital TV tuners, go here.

The Magic of Television
digital television
Image by Jeanne Masar
Make It Interesting, Challenge #2 – Friends

Starter image with thanks to oddsock

Television – Wikipedia

USS Enterprise – www.dan-dare.org/FreeFun/Images/CartoonsMoviesTV/StarTrek…

Blue flare – loswl

Nebula – NASA

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Sample Biology Lab Report Introduction

Compose My Laboratory Statement

A number of participants submit an application for essay writing articles facilitate caused by various sorts of benefits. A variety of them have just emerged as participants of educational institutions and is particularly not too uncomplicated to adjust there subsequently, after college, there are many more information, the requirements within their educators and teachers are usually more expensive, you will find numbers of educational paperwork, which has to be established located in very little period of time. Read more »

Digital TV: Why Make The Switch?


Mention TV market developments, and digital television is sure to dominate the conversation in no time. Digital is undeniably the new wave of innovation in the realm of television. But what’s all the hype about, and is it worth making the switch from analog television?

There are various reasons as to why so many UK TV consumers are opting for digital television. For starters, digital TV channels take up less bandwidth – which, in turn, means that broadcasters can offer consumers a greater number of digital channels in the same space. Moreover, those who opt for digital TV are usually given the option to utilise various other services, including digital interactivity, multimedia, electronic programme guides, language and subtitle options, or multiplexing – where more than one programme is allowed on the same channel. This, of course, is all in addition to the high-definition quality offered with digital television. Digital television offers images made up of smaller pixels – and more of them – compared to analog TV. So images are crisper, cleaner and more detailed.

Digital TV is also advantageous in that its signals react less fiercely to interference than analog signals. For instance, interference with analog signals might result in the ghosting of images and disruptive noises. However, digitised signals won’t experience problems like these because digital TV tuners and converter boxes receive numeric information by the antenna. The decoder only requires enough information to assemble a picture – and the only way the process can fail is if the tuner or converter box doesn’t receive substantial information from the antenna. Even then, the interference is minimal.

With so many advantages to digital TV, it makes sense that so many UK TV viewers are making the switch from analog television. But with all the digital TV options available on the market, it could be difficult to choose a service that’s right for you. If you’re considering switching from analog to digital, keep in mind that there are various methods to effectively narrow your options to fit your needs.

To start, keep in mind that many digital television offers might include various other services as part of a package – so explore all package offerings, keeping an eye out for services that might benefit you most. For example, you can find digital TV packages which give you the option of choosing the types of channels you receive – so you’ll gain access to the programmes you love the most.

And finally, you’ll want to pay close attention to pricing. Make sure you take note of any minimum contract requirements or pre-planned changes in monthly charges, so you know exactly how much you’ll be paying for your digital TV service.

It may take time to find the right service that you are happy with; therefore, it is important to take your time to fully understand the benefits that digital TV can offer you before you make the switch.

Victoria Cochrane writes for a digital marketing agency. This article has been commissioned by a client of said agency. This article is not designed to promote, but should be considered professional content.

TLF’s – Two Faces ala Grande
digital television
Image by NMCIL
digital collage from TV/film shots – These are from my new series called Film Strips – Visit my artwork site at www.domney.com & www.whedonworld.com

How You Can Receive Digital Television Inside The UK


Being sure that you’ve got appropriate digital reception can be vital to getting crystal clear television while not encountering bad break up with the image quality, although did you know there’s various methods you could now enjoy Digital Television?

Great britain has recently undergone an important revamp with the Digital Switchover, of which completed inside 2012. The actual Digital Switchover was essentially the improvement of all terrestrial viewing services, shutting down the main analogue signal and also expanding the actual coverage of digital reception.

We now have listed below the main Digital TV offerings available to consumers within the UK.

Freeview Digital TV
Freeview is perhaps the foremost recognized free digital service accessible in the United Kingdom. As long as you have got a television aerial fitted on the house, together with a digital compliant television set or maybe a set top box, you’ll be able to pick from about 50 free digital channels.

You can even purchase a Freeview+ HD device which will permit you to not simply watch several channels along with programming in high definition, but you can also pause, rewind and record live television with the touch of your button.

Freesat Digital Television
The latest of digital services found in the United Kingdom would be the one offered by Freesat, which had been released within 2008 to offer a broad selection of digital satellite television stations accessible to UK consumers, with no need of paying cash with a regular monthly subscription.

Very much like Freeview, Freesat also provides their own high-definition service and Freesat recordable devices.

Sky Digital Television
The largest digital television service in Britain. Sky take great pride in supplying the widest range of stations as well as entertainment than almost every other television service, on the other hand to get the total benefit you will need to sign up for one of their subscription packages of which incurs an on-going month to month subscription.

Sky is particularly popular with sporting lovers who want to view all of the major events due to the number of dedicated sport channels.

On top of that, Sky additionally boasts the biggest choice of HD channels and also 3DTV, on the other hand these kinds of services do incur an additional cost on top of your regular monthly membership.

Take into account, to completely reap the benefits of any HD service mentioned above, you must make certain you possess a Hi-Def compatible television, and also have this coupled to the HD set top box via a HDMI cable. If you desire to watch 3D programs with Sky, you will also need a 3D TV set.

How Are You Affected When You Don’t Have Good Digital Reception?
Every person at some time in their life has witnessed first-hand very poor signal reception when watching via an analogue television service. The common symptoms had been ghosting of the picture, fuzziness along with loss in sound.

However digital reception is a good deal stricter and wherever not that great analogue reception could still permit you to watch television, digital services stop entirely. The actual symptoms of digital signal break up are frequently the breaking up of your TV picture (pixelation), freezing on the station and also loss in transmission altogether.

More often than not, this is possibly as a consequence of mis-alignment with the TV aerial or satellite television dish, or perhaps could be because of bad line of sight to your nearest transmitter (that can be a result of trees along with other buildings).

When you face weak digital reception of any of the above mentioned systems, you should definitely contact a professional to help fix your system.

Discover all the information you need to know in relation to freesat installations and just how you’ll find aerial services within your local area.

Digital Television In Brazil
digital television
Image by Anderson Mancini
Com a era da televisão digital sendo lançada nesse domingo, venho com esta foto fazer uma homenagem a elas que tanto nos serviram por tanto tempo, AS ANTENAS.

No que depender da programação digital no Brasil, elas ainda vão servir um bocado. Só está passando porcaria na tv digital e tudo engasgando ainda.

Why The United States Is Switching To Digital Television Transmissions


Right now the United States is in the process of converting all television transmissions from analog signal to digital signal. Switching from analog to digital offers numerous improvements and advantages. One of the primary advantages is the amount of data that can be broadcast. When using a digital signal you can broadcast far more actual data than you can using an analog signal over the same amount of bandwidth. There is also a large movement to High Definition TV; to be able to take advantage of the benefits of HDTV it is imperative that the US switches to digital transmissions.

To transmit a signal for HDTV can require up to five times as much data as a standard television signal. In the frequency range allocated for television broadcast there is not enough open bandwidth to transmit that much data via an analog signal. To accommodate more HDTV transmissions more and more transmissions in the US will have to be digital.

It is possible to greatly increase the amount of compression applied to the data within the signal with digital transmissions as compared to analog transmissions. Digital transmissions use the Mpeg 2 standard of compression; with this compression technology it is possible to compress the data as much as 55 to 1. The standard is what is known as a “lossy” standard, which does mean that there is some quality lost. However the final quality is still far superior to the NTSC standard currently used for analog television transmissions. The Mpeg 2 standard is already the standard compression used for DVD’s and digital satellite stations.

The final quality of a digital signal is far superior to an analog signal for several reasons. First as stated earlier the Mpeg 2 is a superior technology to the NTSC and creates a better product before it is transmitted. Secondly digital signals do not allow for any loss of quality during the transmission. Analog transmissions are transmitted as a wave signal, which allows for signal degradation during the transmission. Digital signals are a series of 1’s and 0’s and only require that the signal be strong enough to be received. As long as the signal is received then the data will be a perfect reproduction of the data that was originally transmitted. With an analog signal though as the signal power decreases so does the quality. The weaker the signal the lower the quality of the image that is reproduced by the television receiver at the other end of the signal. This is what causes static and “snow” when you watch anything broadcast with an analog signal.

Because of the improved quality and improved flexibility in broadcast format there are many good reasons for the US to make the switch to digital. Over the next several years more and more stations will change to a digital signal instead of analog. Soon there will be few if any stations still broadcasting an analog signal.

By Steve Welker:
Learn more about Digital Television and great prices on Refurbished Televisions

Boy, I feel so outgunned today — But I’ll get up and fight back, anyway
digital television
Image by thomas lieser (thomas-lieser.smugmug.com)
Main Street Eyes by Iggy Pop
This whole country is scared of failure.
My head keeps trying to sell me ambition.
But in my heart, I want self-respect.
There’s a conflict.

Boy, I feel so outgunned today
But I’ll get up and fight back, anyway
You and I aare not huge mainstream stars
But unlike them, we’re really what we are

We got Main Street eyes
Watchin’ as the big boys roll by
Under rotten television skies
We got Main Street eyes

I saw a kitten squashed in the street
I read about a plastic surgeon and his art collection.

We are played for suckers all the time
Phony rock and roll
It’s a crime
I don’t want to dip myself in trash
I don’t want to give myself for cash

We got Main Street eyes
Tryin’ to do what’s decent with our lives
Under funny television skies
We got Main Street eyes

Walkin’ around sometimes
I see a tension under the surface
People are just about ready to explode.

So hold me, and trust me
I love you, don’t worry.
Keep your Main Street eyes
Keep your Main Street eyes
Keep your Main Street eyes


What Digital TV service should you switch to ?


Digital TV has transformed the way that we view television programmes with more choice than ever before via more providers and more choice of delivery method and interactive features. It can be received from a terrestrial broadcast using an aerial or a satellite dish, cable, phone line or the internet. There are also programmes that are available with and without a monthly subscription or contract. The type of programmes that you will receive will depend on how much you are willing to pay and the type of programmes that you want to view. On top of this there are also high definition channels that are free or monthly subscription charges or contracts.

There are free channels available from the BBCs and ITVs Freesat, Skys Freesat, Freeview, and Virgin Medias cable service if you rent a phone line. Monthly subscription services are available from Sky Digital, Virgin Media, BT Vision and Tiscali TV.


Freeview digital television broadcasts are replacing the normal analogue terrestrial television broadcasts received by an aerial throughout the UK. To receive Freeview you will first of all need to be in an area where it is available and then you will have to have a suitable aerial and either a Freeview set top box or a television with freeView built in. Apart from having to pay the UK television licence Freeview is free of any other charges and offers 48 channels of television and 24 channels of radio.

The much publicised Digital Switch Over involves using the Freeview digital channels instead of the old analogue channels which are being switched off region by region around the UK. This process will be completed by about 2012. As this happens any equipment that doesnt have digital tuner will need an external set top box or they will be obsolete. This includes Video Recorders, DVD recorders and Televisions. Alternatively you may decide to replace them with new models that have built in Freeview tuners.

The Digital Switch Over might not affect you if you are currently receiving all of your television programmes via Freesat, BT Vision, or Tiscali in which case you wont need to do anything.

Top Up TV

It is possible to add additional subscription channels to the free channels that are available on Freeview with Top Up TV via your aerial. It doesnt require any additional equipment other than the card that slots in to the card slot on your existing PVR set top box. It costs just 9.99 per month without any contract tie in. There is a Movie channel, a sports channel and an on demand channel of programmes that are automatically downloaded to your set top PVR for you to watch at your convenience.

Virgin Medias Cable TV

Cable television by Virgin Media is only available in a limited number of areas. A basic TV package of 45 channels are available free of charge if your phone line is provided by Virgin Media. Various packages are available up to the 19.50 (with Virgin Phone Line) per month package which has 165 channels. Every television that you want to watch cable on will need a Virgin set top box. Each additional set top box will incur an additional discounted monthly charge so this could prove to be expensive.

A large library of programmes and films are accessible On Demand when you choose either in standard or high definition. Some of these are accessible free of charge and some are viewable by pay per view.

Sky Digital TV

Sky Digital is available by means of a monthly subscription charge. To receive Sky Digital you will need a satellite dish installing and a Sky set top box. The majority of houses in the UK can receive Sky Digital.

If you live in an apartment block or high rise flats then you might not be allowed to have a dish installed. Also some buildings have planning restrictions that dont permit the installation of satellite dishes. Also you may not be able to have satellite TV if there are any physical obstruction such as a building or Trees that prevents the required line of sight.

The satellite dish is connected to a set top box that is connected to your television set. For every television that you want to watch Sky Digital on you will need an addition set top box and you may need a further satellite dish depending on how many connectors are available on the LNB of the satellite dish. There are also extra costs for each set top box and additional monthly charges which can work out fairly expensive if you have many televisions in your house.

There is usually a charge for providing and installing the satellite dish and the set top box. Sky packages start from 16.50 per month with a free set top box and 60 for the dish and installation offering over 200 channels. If you opt for all the channels available from Sky you will receive over 630 channels of TV and Radio channels at a cost of 46 per month with an installation charge of 60 for a standard box and 30 for Sky Plus set top box. Sky also offers the widest selection of HD channels at an additional cost of 9.75 per month.

If this isnt enough choice then there is also an On Demand Service known as Sky Anytime for watching a small selection of movies, documentaries and entertainment channels that are stored locally on the Sky Plus set top box. Furthermore Sky Box Office offers some of the latest films On Demand for a small additional charge. There is also an on demand service where you can download films to the hard drive on your PC. You can either view them on your PC or you can copy them on to a DVD to watch on the DVD player that is connected to your TV. Alternatively if you have a Media Centre attached to your television then you can stream the movies directly from your PC to your TV.

Freesat Television

There are two versions of Freesat. One is provided by a joint venture of the BBC and ITV and the other is available from Sky. They both need a satellite dish and a set top box however the BBC and ITV version also has the possibility of being viewed by a Freesat compatible television which the Sky version doesnt have. On both options the service is free once you have paid for the satellite dish, installation and the set top box. If there is already a satellite dish on your house that has spare connections on it then you can save on the cost of the satellite dish and installation. Of course the installation of a satellite dish could be restricted by the problems mentioned in the section above about Sky Digital TV.

High definition channels are available free of monthly subscription on the Freesat from the BBC and ITV. To receive HD you will need to make sure that you buy a HD Freesat set top box.

Set top boxes that are compatible with the BBC and ITVs Freesat are available from around 49.99 or 129.99 complete with a dish and installation. There are in excess of 140 channels of programmes of different types that are available without any commitment or monthly subscription. If you want the HD version then you will have to pay 129.99 for the set top box or around 229.99 with satellite dish and installation. If you opt for a Freesat compatible television then you wont require a set top box just a satellite dish.

There are in excess of 240 standard definition television channels on Freesat from Sky, Sky Freesat is obtainable for an initial payment of 75 and then there arent any further payments required. High definition television channels are not available on Skys Freesat.

BT Vision Television

BT Vision is provided using a broadband connection and a BT Home Hub router which is then wirelessly connected to a wireless receiver which is connected to your television. The BT vision television service offers Freeview and an on demand service of entertainment and movies. If you already use BTs broadband then the Home Hub Router is supplied without any cost.

You can either pay for each programme that you watch or pay a monthly subscription for a bundle of programmes. If you dont have BT broadband there is a basic charge for the set top TV box of 29.36 and installation at 29.36. With the minimum package there arent any monthly charges you only pay for what you watch. There are also options to pay a monthly charge for a bundle of programmes including 40 channels of Freeview, sports, kids programmes, music and some films, but you then pay extra for additional films. The bundles are from 13.70 per month to 19.57 per month.

Tiscali TV

Tiscali television is only available in certain areas of the country via a phone line with broadband and possibly an aerial. The Tiscali television service offers in excess of 70 channels of digital TV channels and digital radio channels and in excess of 1000 on demand programmes, Movies and Music. The basic offering starts from 19.99 per month and includes 8Mb broadband and telephone line rental with on demand movies charged per view.

Fetch TV

Fetch television is another non subscription service that provides 48 channels of Freeview and access to over a 1000 standard definition and high definition on demand programmes and films that can be downloaded when you choose and streamed to your television. You will need a Fetch television PVR which is a Freeview box and high definition media centre, a computer and broadband. The media centre allows you to access films that you have downloaded to your PC and play them on your television. Fetch television set top boxes start from just under 130.

IP Television and Television On Demand

There are many programmes and movies that can be downloaded via broadband to your PC and then you can copy them to a DVD disc or it can be wirelessly streamed to a media centre that is connected to your television. There are high definition programmes and films that can down loaded via the internet. Television broadcasters such as the BBC, Sky, ITV and many other UK and Worldwide television companies now have content that is available to be downloaded when you choose. Some of this content is free of charge and some chargeable.


The options are almost endless with so many choices. Some of these choices may not be an option but nonetheless the choice is greater than ever before with delivery by Cable, Satellite Dish, Phone Line, Broadband, and Aerial. Whether you are prepared to pay a monthly charge may narrow the options but if you are then you also have to decide if you are prepared to pay extra for HD television broadcasts. IP television offers an interesting possibility but is restricted by our creaking copper cables ability to deliver the content fast enough and reliably enough. To benefit from all of the advantages of Digital Television you will also need a high definition LCD television or Plasma television.

For almost 2 decades Armadeus Cornelius has accumulated a wealth of knowledge in the electronics sector. For more details on Digital TV go to his site http://www.digitaldirect.co.uk . If you want to save money then go to refurbished hdtv or sony lcd tvs

Army Photography Contest – 2007 – FMWRC – Arts and Crafts – A Plumpish Proportion
digital television
Image by familymwr
Army Photography Contest – 2007 – FMWRC – Arts and Crafts – A Plumpish Proportion

Photo By: SSG Robert Stewart

To learn more about the annual U.S. Army Photography Competition, visit us online at www.armymwr.com

U.S. Army Arts and Crafts History

After World War I the reductions to the Army left the United States with a small force. The War Department faced monumental challenges in preparing for World War II. One of those challenges was soldier morale. Recreational activities for off duty time would be important. The arts and crafts program informally evolved to augment the needs of the War Department.
On January 9, 1941, the Secretary of War, Henry L. Stimson, appointed Frederick H. Osborn, a prominent U.S. businessman and philanthropist, Chairman of the War Department Committee on Education, Recreation and Community Service.
In 1940 and 1941, the United States involvement in World War II was more of sympathy and anticipation than of action. However, many different types of institutions were looking for ways to help the war effort. The Museum of Modern Art in New York was one of these institutions. In April, 1941, the Museum announced a poster competition, “Posters for National Defense.” The directors stated “The Museum feels that in a time of national emergency the artists of a country are as important an asset as men skilled in other fields, and that the nation’s first-rate talent should be utilized by the government for its official design work… Discussions have been held with officials of the Army and the Treasury who have expressed remarkable enthusiasm…”
In May 1941, the Museum exhibited “Britain at War”, a show selected by Sir Kenneth Clark, director of the National Gallery in London. The “Prize-Winning Defense Posters” were exhibited in July through September concurrently with “Britain at War.” The enormous overnight growth of the military force meant mobilization type construction at every camp. Construction was fast; facilities were not fancy; rather drab and depressing.
In 1941, the Fort Custer Army Illustrators, while on strenuous war games maneuvers in Tennessee, documented the exercise The Bulletin of the Museum of Modern Art, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Feb. 1942), described their work. “Results were astonishingly good; they showed serious devotion …to the purpose of depicting the Army scene with unvarnished realism and a remarkable ability to capture this scene from the soldier’s viewpoint. Civilian amateur and professional artists had been transformed into soldier-artists. Reality and straightforward documentation had supplanted (replaced) the old romantic glorification and false dramatization of war and the slick suavity (charm) of commercial drawing.”

“In August of last year, Fort Custer Army Illustrators held an exhibition, the first of its kind in the new Army, at the Camp Service Club. Soldiers who saw the exhibition, many of whom had never been inside an art gallery, enjoyed it thoroughly. Civilian visitors, too, came and admired. The work of the group showed them a new aspect of the Army; there were many phases of Army life they had never seen or heard of before. Newspapers made much of it and, most important, the Army approved. Army officials saw that it was not only authentic material, but that here was a source of enlivenment (vitalization) to the Army and a vivid medium for conveying the Army’s purposes and processes to civilians and soldiers.”
Brigadier General Frederick H. Osborn and War Department leaders were concerned because few soldiers were using the off duty recreation areas that were available. Army commanders recognized that efficiency is directly correlated with morale, and that morale is largely determined from the manner in which an individual spends his own free time. Army morale enhancement through positive off duty recreation programs is critical in combat staging areas.
To encourage soldier use of programs, the facilities drab and uninviting environment had to be improved. A program utilizing talented artists and craftsmen to decorate day rooms, mess halls, recreation halls and other places of general assembly was established by the Facilities Section of Special Services. The purpose was to provide an environment that would reflect the military tradition, accomplishments and the high standard of army life. The fact that this work was to be done by the men themselves had the added benefit of contributing to the esprit de corps (teamwork, or group spirit) of the unit.
The plan was first tested in October of 1941, at Camp Davis, North Carolina. A studio workshop was set up and a group of soldier artists were placed on special duty to design and decorate the facilities. Additionally, evening recreation art classes were scheduled three times a week. A second test was established at Fort Belvoir, Virginia a month later. The success of these programs lead to more installations requesting the program.
After Pearl Harbor was bombed, the Museum of Modern Art appointed Mr. James Soby, to the position of Director of the Armed Service Program on January 15, 1942. The subsequent program became a combination of occupational therapy, exhibitions and morale-sustaining activities.
Through the efforts of Mr. Soby, the museum program included; a display of Fort Custer Army Illustrators work from February through April 5, 1942. The museum also included the work of soldier-photographers in this exhibit. On May 6, 1942, Mr. Soby opened an art sale of works donated by museum members. The sale was to raise funds for the Soldier Art Program of Special Services Division. The bulk of these proceeds were to be used to provide facilities and materials for soldier artists in Army camps throughout the country.
Members of the Museum had responded with paintings, sculptures, watercolors, gouaches, drawings, etchings and lithographs. Hundreds of works were received, including oils by Winslow Homer, Orozco, John Kane, Speicher, Eilshemius, de Chirico; watercolors by Burchfield and Dufy; drawings by Augustus John, Forain and Berman, and prints by Cezanne, Lautrec, Matisse and Bellows. The War Department plan using soldier-artists to decorate and improve buildings and grounds worked. Many artists who had been drafted into the Army volunteered to paint murals in waiting rooms and clubs, to decorate dayrooms, and to landscape grounds. For each artist at work there were a thousand troops who watched. These bystanders clamored to participate, and classes in drawing, painting, sculpture and photography were offered. Larger working space and more instructors were required to meet the growing demand. Civilian art instructors and local communities helped to meet this cultural need, by providing volunteer instruction and facilities.
Some proceeds from the Modern Museum of Art sale were used to print 25,000 booklets called “Interior Design and Soldier Art.” The booklet showed examples of soldier-artist murals that decorated places of general assembly. It was a guide to organizing, planning and executing the soldier-artist program. The balance of the art sale proceeds were used to purchase the initial arts and crafts furnishings for 350 Army installations in the USA.
In November, 1942, General Somervell directed that a group of artists be selected and dispatched to active theaters to paint war scenes with the stipulation that soldier artists would not paint in lieu of military duties.
Aileen Osborn Webb, sister of Brigadier General Frederick H. Osborn, launched the American Crafts Council in 1943. She was an early champion of the Army program.
While soldiers were participating in fixed facilities in the USA, many troops were being shipped overseas to Europe and the Pacific (1942-1945). They had long periods of idleness and waiting in staging areas. At that time the wounded were lying in hospitals, both on land and in ships at sea. The War Department and Red Cross responded by purchasing kits of arts and crafts tools and supplies to distribute to “these restless personnel.” A variety of small “Handicraft Kits” were distributed free of charge. Leathercraft, celluloid etching, knotting and braiding, metal tooling, drawing and clay modeling are examples of the types of kits sent.
In January, 1944, the Interior Design Soldier Artist program was more appropriately named the “Arts and Crafts Section” of Special Services. The mission was “to fulfill the natural human desire to create, provide opportunities for self-expression, serve old skills and develop new ones, and assist the entire recreation program through construction work, publicity, and decoration.”
The National Army Art Contest was planned for the late fall of 1944. In June of 1945, the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C., for the first time in its history opened its facilities for the exhibition of the soldier art and photography submitted to this contest. The “Infantry Journal, Inc.” printed a small paperback booklet containing 215 photographs of pictures exhibited in the National Gallery of Art.
In August of 1944, the Museum of Modern Art, Armed Forces Program, organized an art center for veterans. Abby Rockefeller, in particular, had a strong interest in this project. Soldiers were invited to sketch, paint, or model under the guidance of skilled artists and craftsmen. Victor d’Amico, who was in charge of the Museum’s Education Department, was quoted in Russell Lynes book, Good Old Modern: An Intimate Portrait of the Museum of Modern Art. “I asked one fellow why he had taken up art and he said, Well, I just came back from destroying everything. I made up my mind that if I ever got out of the Army and out of the war I was never going to destroy another thing in my life, and I decided that art was the thing that I would do.” Another man said to d’Amico, “Art is like a good night’s sleep. You come away refreshed and at peace.”
In late October, 1944, an Arts and Crafts Branch of Special Services Division, Headquarters, European Theater of Operations was established. A versatile program of handcrafts flourished among the Army occupation troops.
The increased interest in crafts, rather than fine arts, at this time lead to a new name for the program: The “Handicrafts Branch.”
In 1945, the War Department published a new manual, “Soldier Handicrafts”, to help implement this new emphasis. The manual contained instructions for setting up crafts facilities, selecting as well as improvising tools and equipment, and basic information on a variety of arts and crafts.
As the Army moved from a combat to a peacetime role, the majority of crafts shops in the United States were equipped with woodworking power machinery for construction of furnishings and objects for personal living. Based on this new trend, in 1946 the program was again renamed, this time as “Manual Arts.”
At the same time, overseas programs were now employing local artists and craftsmen to operate the crafts facilities and instruct in a variety of arts and crafts. These highly skilled, indigenous instructors helped to stimulate the soldiers’ interest in the respective native cultures and artifacts. Thousands of troops overseas were encouraged to record their experiences on film. These photographs provided an invaluable means of communication between troops and their families back home.
When the war ended, the Navy had a firm of architects and draftsmen on contract to design ships. Since there was no longer a need for more ships, they were given a new assignment: To develop a series of instructional guides for arts and crafts. These were called “Hobby Manuals.” The Army was impressed with the quality of the Navy manuals and had them reprinted and adopted for use by Army troops. By 1948, the arts and crafts practiced throughout the Army were so varied and diverse that the program was renamed “Hobby Shops.” The first “Interservice Photography Contest” was held in 1948. Each service is eligible to send two years of their winning entries forward for the bi-annual interservice contest. In 1949, the first All Army Crafts Contest was also held. Once again, it was clear that the program title, “Hobby Shops” was misleading and overlapped into other forms of recreation.
In January, 1951, the program was designated as “The Army Crafts Program.” The program was recognized as an essential Army recreation activity along with sports, libraries, service clubs, soldier shows and soldier music. In the official statement of mission, professional leadership was emphasized to insure a balanced, progressive schedule of arts and crafts would be conducted in well-equipped, attractive facilities on all Army installations.
The program was now defined in terms of a “Basic Seven Program” which included: drawing and painting; ceramics and sculpture; metal work; leathercrafts; model building; photography and woodworking. These programs were to be conducted regularly in facilities known as the “multiple-type crafts shop.” For functional reasons, these facilities were divided into three separate technical areas for woodworking, photography and the arts and crafts.
During the Korean Conflict, the Army Crafts program utilized the personnel and shops in Japan to train soldiers to instruct crafts in Korea.
The mid-1950s saw more soldiers with cars and the need to repair their vehicles was recognized at Fort Carson, Colorado, by the craft director. Soldiers familiar with crafts shops knew that they had tools and so automotive crafts were established. By 1958, the Engineers published an Official Design Guide on Crafts Shops and Auto Crafts Shops. In 1959, the first All Army Art Contest was held. Once more, the Army Crafts Program responded to the needs of soldiers.
In the 1960’s, the war in Vietnam was a new challenge for the Army Crafts Program. The program had three levels of support; fixed facilities, mobile trailers designed as portable photo labs, and once again a “Kit Program.” The kit program originated at Headquarters, Department of Army, and it proved to be very popular with soldiers.
Tom Turner, today a well-known studio potter, was a soldier at Ft. Jackson, South Carolina in the 1960s. In the December 1990 / January 1991 “American Crafts” magazine, Turner, who had been a graduate student in art school when he was drafted, said the program was “a godsend.”
The Army Artist Program was re-initiated in cooperation with the Office of Military History to document the war in Vietnam. Soldier-artists were identified and teams were formed to draw and paint the events of this combat. Exhibitions of these soldier-artist works were produced and toured throughout the USA.
In 1970, the original name of the program, “Arts and Crafts”, was restored. In 1971, the “Arts and Crafts/Skills Development Program” was established for budget presentations and construction projects.
After the Vietnam demobilization, a new emphasis was placed on service to families and children of soldiers. To meet this new challenge in an environment of funding constraints the arts and crafts program began charging fees for classes. More part-time personnel were used to teach formal classes. Additionally, a need for more technical-vocational skills training for military personnel was met by close coordination with Army Education Programs. Army arts and crafts directors worked with soldiers during “Project Transition” to develop soldier skills for new careers in the public sector.
The main challenge in the 1980s and 90s was, and is, to become “self-sustaining.” Directors have been forced to find more ways to generate increased revenue to help defray the loss of appropriated funds and to cover the non-appropriated funds expenses of the program. Programs have added and increased emphasis on services such as, picture framing, gallery sales, engraving and trophy sales, etc… New programs such as multi-media computer graphics appeal to customers of the 1990’s.
The Gulf War presented the Army with some familiar challenges such as personnel off duty time in staging areas. Department of Army volunteer civilian recreation specialists were sent to Saudi Arabia in January, 1991, to organize recreation programs. Arts and crafts supplies were sent to the theater. An Army Humor Cartoon Contest was conducted for the soldiers in the Gulf, and arts and crafts programs were set up to meet soldier interests.
The increased operations tempo of the ‘90’s Army has once again placed emphasis on meeting the “recreation needs of deployed soldiers.” Arts and crafts activities and a variety of programs are assets commanders must have to meet the deployment challenges of these very different scenarios.
The Army arts and crafts program, no matter what it has been titled, has made some unique contributions for the military and our society in general. Army arts and crafts does not fit the narrow definition of drawing and painting or making ceramics, but the much larger sense of arts and crafts. It is painting and drawing. It also encompasses:
* all forms of design. (fabric, clothes, household appliances, dishes, vases, houses, automobiles, landscapes, computers, copy machines, desks, industrial machines, weapon systems, air crafts, roads, etc…)
* applied technology (photography, graphics, woodworking, sculpture, metal smithing, weaving and textiles, sewing, advertising, enameling, stained glass, pottery, charts, graphs, visual aides and even formats for correspondence…)
* a way of making learning fun, practical and meaningful (through the process of designing and making an object the creator must decide which materials and techniques to use, thereby engaging in creative problem solving and discovery) skills taught have military applications.
* a way to acquire quality items and save money by doing-it-yourself (making furniture, gifts, repairing things …).
* a way to pursue college credit, through on post classes.
* a universal and non-verbal language (a picture is worth a thousand words).
* food for the human psyche, an element of morale that allows for individual expression (freedom).
* the celebration of human spirit and excellence (our highest form of public recognition is through a dedicated monument).
* physical and mental therapy (motor skill development, stress reduction, etc…).
* an activity that promotes self-reliance and self-esteem.
* the record of mankind, and in this case, of the Army.
What would the world be like today if this generally unknown program had not existed? To quantitatively state the overall impact of this program on the world is impossible. Millions of soldier citizens have been directly and indirectly exposed to arts and crafts because this program existed. One activity, photography can provide a clue to its impact. Soldiers encouraged to take pictures, beginning with WW II, have shared those images with family and friends. Classes in “How to Use a Camera” to “How to Develop Film and Print Pictures” were instrumental in soldiers seeing the results of using quality equipment. A good camera and lens could make a big difference in the quality of the print. They bought the top of the line equipment. When they were discharged from the Army or home on leave this new equipment was showed to the family and friends. Without this encouragement and exposure to photography many would not have recorded their personal experiences or known the difference quality equipment could make. Families and friends would not have had the opportunity to “see” the environment their soldier was living in without these photos. Germany, Italy, Korea, Japan, Panama, etc… were far away places that most had not visited.
As the twenty first century approaches, the predictions for an arts renaissance by Megatrends 2000 seem realistic based on the Army Arts and Crafts Program practical experience. In the April ‘95 issue of “American Demographics” magazine, an article titled “Generation X” fully supports that this is indeed the case today. Television and computers have greatly contributed to “Generation X” being more interested in the visual arts and crafts.
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Use a good digital receiver box to take advantage of digital television


Many are now realizing the many new features that digital television is offering to the consumers and they want to take advantage of the new features by getting a digital receiver box. The innovations in digital TV have also resulted in innovations of the digital receiver boxes. So if you want to take full advantage of digital TV you will need to get the appropriate digital receiver box.

The set top box or digital receiver box is a tool that is designed for the purpose to receive or record digital signals or digital TV broadcasts. Despite the basic functions, today the digital receiver boxes have many additional features as well. Multicasting is possible because of the digital receiver boxes, with multicasting there are signals that are sent from several broadcast stations at the same time, this provides a larger area of programming for the consumers. A great feature of the digital receiver boxes is that the problems with the signal interference have been taken care of, there is no way to watch television with ghostly pictures while using a digital receiver box. Digital TV allows you to watch television in widescreen, and the digital receiver box will make sure that the perfect picture will fit the screen of your TV. The interactive features of the digital receiver are just as important as the high definition of the picture and the best quality of the sound. There are many features that the digital receiver boxes allow you to take advantage of. You can use the set top box to record some of your favorite shows if it has an internal hard drive, some of the boxes have an USB entrance so you can watch a movie from a flash drive on them. Many digital television providers offer the video on demand possibility, and if your digital receiver box has the ability you can order shows and record them on your device’s memory to watch them over and over again. Some of the digital receiver boxes can be adjusted to record TV programs the hour they star, so you can adjust your device to record the show you want to watch but you can’t because you are not at home, and watch the show whenever you have time.

With the digital receiver box you can watch the TV program schedule and always be aware of the programming for days ahead, some of the digital receivers even have some build in games included, to entertain you while you are waiting for your favorite show to start. The digital receiver boxes can make your TV watching a better experience, they will give you television with an excellent quality and let you use interactive features to take advantage of the possibilities of modern digital cable.

If you wonder what the prices of digital receiver boxes (or as the say in Denmark Priser på digital modtagerboks ) are, visit this amazing Danish website. To read about digital TV receivers, go here.

Point Dume, Ca – Breaker Breaker!
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Image by ™ Pacheco
well…. winter has almost said it’s goodbyes once and for all here in Hollywood. But not before I found a few new images to add to my ever growing collection of memories. I’ve been holding back a bit on posting images, as I’ve been hard at work on a few things I hope to complete in 2011, one being a book entitled "My California" as well as the "Pacheco Landscapes" website.
Now what good would all these new images I’ve taken over the last 6 months BE if I shared them all NOW. What magical sense of wonder might I hinder if I revealed all my treasures one after the other… week in and week out….. Surely there must be some control… some holding back….. some gosh darn mystery to the rock and roll of light hunting and all it entails. The planning. The waiting. The watching. Did I mention the WAITING…. The let downs and close calls…. almosts and could have beens… wows and woes…. and of course… most of all…. the victories and awe of a well planned moment where a little luck and color once ruled the passing sky…. and perhaps a drifting crescent moon painted on a twilight canvas of twinkling stars against midnight blue hovered happily over darkening waters.
… while going thru some digital slides of my adventures Saturday afternoon… i stumbled across this moment and thought I would share it with you. YEH YOU! Oh what a day, must have been 40 MPH winds blowing from directly behind me, which worked out so well for me because those pesky inquisitive mists of ocean splash… dancing off the violently ever crashing parade of hellish waves… never could find my camera lens…. a few close calls iz all… YEY!
…tail end of a passing storm…. hight 3.5FT tides… very cold weather…. high winds and a few miles of clear skies beyond this horizon = Breaker Breaker "Red skies at night, sailers delight"… it’s a good thing I watch radar like it’s network television 🙂
Stay golden pony boy.

"it’s not the load that breaks you down. it’s the way you carry it" –Lena Horne

The different viewing options for digital television – Sky TV and Freeview


Once you have moved into a existing or new property, one of the first things that may be on your (or at least your children’s) minds is to get the TV set up. There may seem to be an endless list of options out there for watching television, but believe it or not, there are only three main options. Watching digital television is slowly moving into the future, where (between 2011 and 2013) analogue systems will be switched off, leaving home owners with three options for viewing TV. Below we will discuss these options, and which are most ideal for you and your family.

One of the more common options is having Sky television in your home. This is done by having a satellite dish and decoder set up in your home by a Sky technician. An extension of Sky is Sky multi room – this gives you the opportunity to watch different channels in multiple rooms of the home. This comes with a monthly charge from Sky, and if you are looking for a cheaper option, Sky distribution may be the option for you. This allows you to watch Sky in as many rooms of the house as you want, and an infrared system can give you the opportunity to change the channel too.

If you don’t need as many channels as what Sky offers, you can choose satellite Freeview. Satellite Freeview is best for people with any type of television, and requires a satellite dish and decoder installation by a technician. This will give you 19 different channels, and (just like Sky), these can be distributed to a number of rooms in the home.

The final option is terrestrial Freeview. This option is for people that own televisions with built in Freeview. It requires a UHF aerial to be installed, so that you are able to watch high definition channels. HD televisions provide a much higher resolution than average television, and are the way to go if you are looking for the most crystal clear picture.

If you need help deciding what option is most ideal for your household, consult your local aerial and satellite technician. They can visit you on-site, access your property and discuss your digital television options.

Looking to find the best deal on aerial and satellite dish installation, then visit www.satellitedishauckland.co.nz to talk to an Auckland aerial installer about your digital television needs.

Tired Of Television
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Image by Andy Saxton3000

Choose Digital Television and Then Forget About Distorted Video


Today’s tech know-how is definitely getting more and more advanced for each day passing. The truth is, technology has given a lot of astounding gadgets which are over and above a persons imagination. The Digital TV is actually a fresh influx regarding development within the field of television. This specific system innovation (generally send as well as receive) all the moving graphics plus audio by way of digital impulses. Using these tools, a person can experience the high-definition standard. These great appliances provide pictures derived from smaller pixels.

The greatest part regarding all these tools is the fact that they utilize a less significant channel bandwidth. In fact, the digital video signals usually fill up a reduced amount of bandwidth which means the actual TV producers can offer their audience a greater quantity of digital stations within the very same bandwidth. The digital telly normally receives inputs as digital signals. The digital impulses are usually more powerful because they types of signals will be transmitted by using digital codes (contains ones together with zeroes), it ends up in much less disturbance that ultimately gives improved picture quality in addition to greater sound quality. Moreover, all these advanced gadgets come in distinct quality grades such as standard definition Television (SDTV), HD TV (HDTV) plus enhanced definition Television (EDTV).

There are a number of digital tv companies out there. These providers deliver a variety of different Video sets. For any person, it is a quite difficult decision to pick out the ideal Tv set from such many Digital TV solutions. Before ordering any modern television set, you should take into account specific factors.

This kind of modern day gadget is basically highly advantageous to the creation of a greater Television experience. These forms of improved tools complement many exciting innovations including digital interaction, multimedia, automated channel manuals, speech and multiplexing. Essentially, the digital television signals answer much less fiercely toward interference, which usually makes this gadget more exciting. As well as that, it comes with a greater number of stations, digital broadcast stations, online solutions just like electronic mail along with text messages and many more. In addition to this, in the DTV, anyone can establish alarms to ensure he or she do not misses a particular show. In addition, an individual may additionally record his preferred shows that may be watched later on.

The DTV is actually a fully upgraded system which can sooner or later replace the analog tv technology. Actually, the Digital TV is generally, deemed as one of the most helpful way of offering programmes. That will come in various forms like digital terrestrial tv (DTT), cable tv, satellite tv along with internet connection.

So how do you adapt to this new TV technology?

You have a variety of choices:

1. You could obtain a digital TV box and connect it to your Television. The box would “translate” the digital signal into a language you TV set will understand.

2. Buy a package soulution from a company providing satellite TV.

3. Get a new flat screen TV with built in digital transformer.

If you would like to learn more about this go to Digital TV

Tokyo J – Zojoji Temple and Tokyo Tower
digital television
Image by Daniel Mennerich
Tokyo Tower is a communications and observation tower located in the Shiba-koen district of Minato, Tokyo, Japan. At 332.9 metres (1,092 ft), it is the second-tallest structure in Japan. The structure is an Eiffel Tower-inspired lattice tower that is painted white and international orange to comply with air safety regulations.

Built in 1958, the tower’s main sources of revenue are tourism and antenna leasing. Over 150 million people have visited the tower since its opening. FootTown, a four-story building located directly under the tower, houses museums, restaurants and shops. Departing from there, guests can visit two observation decks. The two-story Main Observatory is located at 150 metres (490 ft), while the smaller Special Observatory reaches a height of 249.6 metres (819 ft).

The tower acts as a support structure for an antenna. Originally intended for television broadcasting, radio antennas were installed in 1961, but the tower is now used to broadcast signals for Japanese media outlets such as NHK, TBS and Fuji TV. Japan’s planned digital television transition by July 2011 was problematic, however; Tokyo Tower’s height, 332.9 m (1,092 ft) was not high enough to adequately support complete terrestrial digital broadcasting to the area. A taller digital broadcasting tower, known as Tokyo Skytree, was completed on February 29, 2012.

Receiving Digital Television

This program is designed to provide you with the information you need to receive a reliable, high quality digital television signal.

For more about DTV visit…
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